Gra - Gre - Gri - Gro - Gru
B. 1884-02-29, Great Britain; D. 1964-07-23
Boxing (1 gold)
|Lightweight (-61.2 kg)||QF||1076|
|Lightweight (-63.5 kg)||gold||9000|
Olympic Competitor nr 574
B. 1960-07-22, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Sailing (2 gold, 1 silver, 2 bronze)
B. 1969-06-14, Germany
Tennis (1 gold, 1 silver, 1 bronze)
Winner at Wimbledon 7 times ('88, '89, '91-'93, '95, '96), at Roland Garros
6 times ('87, '88, '93, '95, '96, '99), Flushing Meadow 3 times ('93, '95,
'96) and Australia 4 times ('88, '89, '90 and '94). Proclaimed World Champion
seven times ('87-'90 and '93, '95, '96)
B. 1893-06-07, Stockholm; D. 1938-04-14, Potsdam
Figure Skating (3 gold, 1 silver)
An architect, professionally (and a poet, painter and etcher), Grafström
was noted for the elegance and musical feeling of his free figure skating.
He originated the Grafström spin (on the back outside edge of the skate)
and the flying sitspin, and was the first to make the 'Axel Paulsen' a controlled
jump. He won three Olympic gold medals, the first at Antwerpen, where he
broke a skate and, being unable to get a replacement, went into the town
and bought an old-fashioned curly-toed one. At Lake Placid, aged thirty-eight,
he took the silver medal after an accident in which he collided with a
photographer on the ice. Grafström was a highly individualistic character
who skated for his own aesthetic satisfaction and could never be bothered
much with competitive skating outside the Olympic Games. He never deigned
to enter the European Championships and skated only three times for the World
Title, in '22, '24 and '29, winning every time.
Grafström would later become coach to Sonja Henie.
The 1920 event was held at Antwerpen, before there were special Winter Olympics. This makes Grafström the only person to have won gold medals both in summer and winter Olympics - in the same event!
Sandra Loosemore has a page devoted to skating legends, including a photo.
Olympic Competitor nr 1613
Olympic Competitor nr 799
Olympic Competitor nr 1035
Olympic Competitor nr 37
B. 1906-07-17, Goulburn, NSW, Australia; D. 1996-08-30
Cycling (1 gold, 1 bronze)
|1000m Time Trial||bronze||gold||-||13440|
|Road Race, Time Trial||dnf||-||-||0|
The Sydney Olympic velodrome is named in his honour.
Athletics (2 gold, 1 silver, 1 bronze)
|4 x 100 m||gold||silver||2600|
Olympic Competitor nr 1348
Biathlon (3 gold)
|15 km Mass Start||gold||10th||6500|
|10 km + 12.5 km Pursuit||8th||fifth||942|
|4 x 7.5 km||gold||fifth||1850|
Olympic Competitor nr 302
Figure Skating - Ice dance (2 gold)
Twice winner of the Ice dancing together with Evgeny Platov.
Her fan website calls her by the
competed from 1988 as
B. 1959-12-21 Los Angeles, CA; D. 1998-09-21, Mission Viejo, CA, USA
Track & Field (3 gold, 2 silver)
|4 x 100 m||-||gold||1600|
|4 x 400 m||-||silver||1000|
In 1987, after a brief retirement, she started a program of weight-lifting,
under the eyes of her coach and husband, Al Joyner, brother of
Jackie Joyner. This helped her to three gold
medals and two world records that stood until her death. She died, aged just
39, of a heart and brain seizure.
Her remarkable success and her death sparked rumours of drug use. No tests ever revealed banned substances, but her retirement in 1989, shortly before the introduction of mandatory random drug testing, fueled further speculation.
Olympic Competitor nr 1106
Figure Skating (2 gold)
Together with Yekaterina Gordeyeva.
Olympic Competitor nr 199
Olympic Competitor nr 4
B. 1979-07-18, Belarus
Freestyle Skiing (1 gold, 1 bronze)
B. 1931-03-23, Tula, Russia
Speed Skating (4 gold, 1 silver)
The best sprinter in the 1950's and early 1960's. He held the 500 and 1500
metres world records from 1955 to 1958. In 1952 he was also in the soviet
cycling team. (not in the Olympics, though). The gold at the 1500 m in
Squaw Valley was shared with Roald Aas.
Wrestling - Greco-Roman (2 gold)
He also came second in the 1953 World Championships, and won one European
gold and two bronze. He also finished third in two European free-style
B. 1920-03-28, Pori, Länsi-Suomen, Finland; D. 1994-08-02
Wrestling, Greco-Roman (1 gold, 1 silver)
B. 1934-10-09, Lensvik, Norway
Nordic Skiing (2 gold, 3 silver)
|4 x 10 km||silver||fourth||gold||3750|
He was among the leading cross-country skiers for twenty years, and won the
15 km at Holmenkollen in 1960 and '61.
B. 1964-06-17, Germany
Swimming (3 gold, 2 silver, 1 bronze)
|100 m Butterfly||gold||fifth||7400|
|200 m Butterfly||silver||gold||10400|
|200 m Free-style||gold||fifth||7400|
|4 x 100 m Free-style Relay||fourth||sixth||560|
|4 x 200 m Free-style Relay||silver||bronze||1640|
|4 x 100 m Medley Relay||fourth||fourth||800|
Nick-named 'the albatros' because of his enourmous 'wing'-span.
World Champion at 200 m free-style and 200 m butterfly in 1982 and '86,
B. 1970-08-22, Schlema, Germany
Biathlon (4 gold, 3 silver, 1 bronze)
|4 x 7.5 km||gold||gold||gold||silver||gold||13200|
|10 km + 12.5 km Pursuit||bronze||12th||1950|
Member of the German Biathlon Relay team that won gold at Albertville,
Lillehammer, Nagano and Torino.
Olympic Competitor nr 263
B. 1899-02-24, Sørkedalen, Oslo, Norway
Nordic Skiing (3 gold, 1 silver, 2 bronze)
|Individual Nordic Combined||bronze||gold||gold||34560|
For fifteen years he was among the best combined Nordic skiers in the world.
He won the Holmenkollen combined five times, and was twice World Champion
in the combined (1926 and '31) and once in the 18 km (1926).
Shooting (2 gold, 3 bronze)
B. 1939-04-01, Piaski Wielkie, Busko-Zdrój, Swietokrzyskie, Poland
Boxing (1 gold, 1 silver)
Olympic Competitor nr 893
Olympic Competitor nr 1248
Written 2002-09-08 - last modified 2002-10-31
This page is part of the site "Full Olympians" by Herman De Wael. See here for a full Introduction.